THE PASSIVE: BY + AGENT
septiembre 14, 2010
Publicado por en
When we form passives, we often don’t mention the person or thing for the accion (the agent):
The movie was made in 2004. // By + agent tells us who or what does something: // The movie was made by Steven Spielberg.
With tells us what was used to do something. Compare: // The picture were taken by a famous photographer. // The picture were taken by an excellent camera.
Remember!. You don’t always need to use by + agent in a passive sentence. If the agent is “known”, obvious or is “people in general”, we omit it.
Tree more examples:
CDs replaced records in the 1980s. / Records were replaced by CDs in the 1980s.
Peter Jackson directed the “Lord of the Rings” trilogy. / The “Lord of the Rings” trilogy was directed by Peter Jackson.
He washed the car with a sponge. / The car was washed with a sponge.
I hope you enjoy this exercises. See you in the next post. Bye :)