Now responsive website. The starting point for understanding.


When we form passives, we often don’t mention the person or thing for the accion (the agent):

  • The movie was made in 2004. // By + agent tells us who or what does something: // The movie was made by Steven Spielberg.
  • With tells us what was used to do something. Compare: // The picture were taken by a famous photographer. // The picture were taken by an excellent camera.

Remember!. You don’t always need to use by + agent in a passive sentence. If the agent is “known”, obvious or is “people in general”, we omit it.

Tree more examples:

  • CDs replaced records in the 1980s. / Records were replaced by CDs in the 1980s.
  • Peter Jackson directed the “Lord of the Rings” trilogy. / The “Lord of the Rings” trilogy was directed by Peter Jackson.
  • He washed the car with a sponge. / The car was washed with a sponge.

I hope you enjoy this exercises. See you in the next post. Bye 🙂 


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